Republic of Botswana

Motto

“Pula” (Tswana)
Rain

Anthem

“Fatshe leno la rona” (Tswana)
“This Land of Ours”

Geography

Capital: Gaborone
Largest City: Gaborone
Total area: 581,730 sq km
Climate: Semiarid, warm winters and hot summers
Natural resources: Diamonds, copper, nickel, salt,
soda ash, potash, coal, iron ore, silver
Border countries: Namibia, South Africa, Zambia, Zimbabwe

People and Society

Population: 2,182,719
Demonym: Motswana (singular), Batswana (plural)
Languages: English (official), Setswana, Kalanga, Sekgalagadi, Sesarwa, Sempukushu
Ethnic groups: Tswana (or Setswana), Kalanga, Basarwa, Kgalagadi
Religions: Christian, Badimo, Baha’i, Hindu, Muslim

Government

Independence: 30 September 1966 (from the UK)
Government type: Parliamentary republic
Chief of state: Seretse Khama Ian KHAMA (since 2008)

Economy

Currency: Pula
Exports: Diamonds, copper, nickel, soda ash, meat, textiles
Industries: Diamonds, copper, nickel, salt, soda ash,
potash, coal, iron ore, silver, livestock processing, textiles

Tourism and Attraction

Okavango Delta
Bahurutshe Cultural Village
Tsodilo and Twaspong Hills
Makgadikgadi Pans National Park

Sources:
Visiting Botswana
The World Factbook