Republic of Cabo Verde


“Unidade, Trabalho, Progresso” (portuguese)
“Unity, Work, Progress”


“Cântico da Liberdade” (portuguese)
“Chant of Freedom”


Capital: Praia (Santiago Island)
Largest City: Praia
Total area: 4,033 sq km
Climate: Temperate, warm, dry summer
Natural resources: Salt, basalt rock, limestone, kaolin, fish, clay, gypsum
Nearest countries: Mauritania, Senegal, Gambia

People and Society

Population: 18,931,686
Demonym: Cabo Verdean
Languages: Portuguese (official), Crioulo (blend of West African and Portuguese words)
Ethnic groups: Creole, African, European
Religions: Roman Catholic, Protestant, Christian, Muslim


Independence: 5 July 1975 (from Portugal)
Government type: Republic
Chief of state: Jorge Carlos FONSECA (since 2011)


Currency: Cape Verdean escudo
Exports: Gold, cotton, livestock
Industries: Food and beverages, fish processing,
shoes and garments, salt mining, ship repair

Tourism and Attraction

Pico do Fogo, Cape Verde’s highest peak
Cidade Velha, Historic Centre of Ribeira Grande
Mindelo’s National Handicraft Centre
The Palacio de Povo in east Mindelo (People’s Palace)

Embassy of Cape Verde
The World Factbook