Republic of Chad


“Unité, Travail, Progrès” (french)
“Unity, Work, Progress”


“La Tchadienne” (french)
“The Chadian hymn”


Capital: N’Djamena
Largest City: N’Djamena
Total area: 1.284 million sq km
Climate: Tropical in south, desert in north
Natural resources: Petroleum, uranium, natron,
kaolin, fish (Lake Chad), gold, limestone, sand and gravel, salt
Border countries: Cameroon, Central African Republic, Libya, Niger, Nigeria, Sudan

People and Society

Population: 11,631,456
Demonym: Chadian
Languages: French (official), Arabic (official), Sara (in south),
more than 120 different languages and dialects
Ethnic groups: Sara, Arab, Mayo-Kebbi, Kanem-Bornou,
Ouaddai, Hadjarai, Tandjile, Gorane, Fitri-Batha
Religions: Muslim, Catholic, Protestant, Animist


Independence: 11 August 1960 (from France)
Government type: Republic
Chief of state: Idriss DEBY Itno, Lt. Gen. (since 1990)


Currency: Central African CFA franc
Exports: Oil, livestock, cotton, sesame, gum arabic, shea butter
Industries: Oil, cotton textiles, brewing, natron (sodium carbonate), soap, cigarettes, construction materials

Tourism and Attraction

Lake Chad
Tarso Toussidé
Tibesti Mountains
Chad National Museum
Zakouma National Park

The World Factbook