Arab Republic of Egypt


“Freedom, Socialism and Unity”


 “Bilady, Bilady, Bilady” (arabic)
“My country, my country, my country”


Capital: Cairo
Largest City: Cairo
Total area: 1,001,450 sq km
Climate: Desert, hot, dry summers with moderate winters
Natural resources: Petroleum, natural gas, iron ore, phosphates, manganese,
limestone, gypsum, talc, asbestos, lead, rare earth elements, zinc
Border countries: Gaza Strip, Israel, Libya, Sudan

People and Society

Population: 88,487,396
Demonym: Egyptian
Languages: Egyptian Arabic (official), English and French
Ethnic groups: Egyptian
Religions: Muslim 90%, Christian 10%


Independence: 28 February 1922 (from the UK)
Government type: Republic
Chief of state: Abdelfattah Said ELSISI (since 2014)


Currency: Egyptian pound
Exports: Crude oil and petroleum products, fruits and vegetables,
cotton, textiles, metal products, chemicals, processed food
Industries: Textiles, food processing, tourism, chemicals,pharmaceuticals,
hydrocarbons, construction, cement, metals, light manufactures

Tourism and Attraction

Egyptian Pyramids
The Great Sphinx of Giza
The Museum of Egyptian Antiquities
The Valley of the Kings
Historic Cairo
Mount Sinai

The World Factbook
Visiting Egypt