Republic of Guinea-Bissau


“Unidade, Luta, Progresso” (portuguese)
“Unity, Struggle, Progress”


“Esta é a Nossa Pátria Bem Amada” (portuguese)
This is Our Beloved Homeland


Capital: Bissau
Largest City: Bissau
Total area: 36,125 sq km
Climate: Hot, humid, rainy and drys season, winds
Natural resources: Fish, timber, phosphates, bauxite, clay,
granite, limestone, unexploited deposits of petroleum
Border countries: Guinea, Senegal

People and Society

Population: 1,726,170
Demonym: Bissau-Guinean
Languages: Portuguese (official), Crioulo, French, English
Ethnic groups: Fula, Balanta, Mandinga, Papel, Manjaco,
Beafada, Mancanha, Bijago, Felupe, Mansoanca, Balanta Mane
Religions: Muslim, Christian, Animist


Independence: 10 September 1974 (from Portugal)
Government type: Republic
Chief of state: Josse Mario VAZ (since 2014)


Currency: West African CFA franc
Exports: Fish, shrimp; cashews, peanuts, palm kernels,raw and sawn lumber
Industries: Agricultural products processing, beer, soft drinks

Tourism and Attraction

Fortaleza d’Amura
Old Presidential Palace
Cantanhez National Park
Orango Islands National Park
Museum of African Artifacts
Bissau Velho – the old Portuguese colonial centre

The World Factbook