Libya

Motto

“الحرية والعدالة والديمقراطية” (arabic)
“Freedom, Justice, Democracy”

Anthem

 “Libiya, Libiya, Libiya” (arabic)
“Libya, Libya, Libya”

Geography

Capital: Tripoli
Largest City: Tripoli
Total area: 1,759,540 sq km
Climate: Mediterranean along coast, dry, extreme desert interior
Natural resources: Petroleum, natural gas, gypsum
Border countries: Algeria, Chad, Egypt, Niger, Sudan, Tunisia

People and Society

Population: 6,411,776
Demonym: Libyan
Languages: Arabic (official), Italian, English (all widely understood in the major cities), Berber
Ethnic groups: Berber and Arab
Religions: Muslim 96.6%, Christian 2.7%, Buddhist 0.3%, Hindu <.1, Jewish <.1

Government 

Independence:  24 December 1951 (from UN trusteeship)
Government type: Transitional government
Chief of state: Speaker of the House of Representatives
Aqilah Salah ISSA (since 5 August 2014)

Economy

Currency: Libyan Dinar
Exports: Crude oil, refined petroleum products, natural gas, chemicals
Industries: Petroleum, petrochemicals, aluminum, iron and steel,
food processing, textiles, handicrafts, cement

Tourism and Attraction

Old Town of Ghadamès
Meditarranean rocky coast lof Libya
The Temple of Zeus in Cyrene
The theatre Leptis Magna

Sources:
The World Factbook