Islamic Republic of Mauritania

Motto

شرف إخاء عدال” (arabic)
“Honor, Fraternity, Justice”

Anthem

“نشيد وطني موريتاني” (arabic)
National Anthem of the Islamic Republic of Mauritania

Geography

Capital: Nouakchott
Largest City: Nouakchott
Total area: 1,030,700 sq km
Climate: Desert, constantly hot, dry, dusty
Natural resources: Iron ore, gypsum, copper, phosphate, diamonds, gold, oil, fish
Border countries: Algeria, Mali, Senegal, Western Sahara

People and Society

Population: 3,596,702
Demonym: Mauritanian
Languages: Arabic (official and national), Pulaar,
Soninke,Wolof (all national languages), French
Ethnic groups: black Moors, white Moors, black Africans
Religions: Muslim

Government

Independence: 28 November 1960 (from France)
Government type: Presidential republic
Chief of state: Mohamed Ould Abdel AZIZ (since 2009)

Economy

Currency: Ouguiya
Exports: Iron ore, fish and fish products, gold, copper, petroleum
Industries: Fish processing, oil production, mining (iron ore, gold, copper)

Tourism and Attraction

The Old Fort
Terjit
The Great Mosque
The National Museum of Mauritania
Banc d’Arguin National Park

Sources:
The World Factbook