Republic of Mozambique


“República de Moçambique” (portuguese)
“Republic of Mozambique”


“Pátria Amada” (portuguese)
“Beloved Homeland”


Capital: Maputo
Largest City: Maputo
Total area: 799,380 sq km
Climate: Tropical to subtropical
Natural resources: Coal, titanium, natural gas, hydropower, tantalum, graphite
Border countries: Malawi, South Africa, Swaziland, Tanzania, Zambia, Zimbabwe

People and Society

Population: 25,303,113
Demonym: Mozambican
Languages: Portuguese (official), Emakhuwa, Xichangana, Cesena, Elomwe, Echuwabo
Ethnic groups: Makhuwa, Tsonga, Lomwe, Sena
Religions: Roman Catholic, Muslim, Zionist Christian, Protestant


Independence: 25 June 1975 (from Portugal)
Government type: Republic
Chief of state: Filipe Jacinto NYUSI (since 2015)


Currency: Mozambican metical
Exports: Aluminum, prawns, cashews, cotton, sugar, citrus, timber, bulk electricity
Industries: Aluminum, petroleum products, chemicals (fertilizer, soap, paints), textiles, cement, glass, asbestos, tobacco, food, beverages

Tourism and Attraction

Ponta do Ouro
The Quirimbas Islands
Maputo Elephant Reserve
The Island of Mozambique

The World Factbook