Democratic Republic of Sao Tome and Principe


“Unidade, Disciplina, Trabalho” (portuguese)
“Unity, Discipline, Work”


Independência total” (portuguese)
“Total Independence


Capital: Sao Tome
Largest City: Sao Tome
Total area: 964 sq km
Climate: Tropical, hot, humid, one rainy season
Natural resources: Fish, hydropower
Nearest countries: Equatorial Guinea, Gabon

People and Society

Population: 194,006
Demonym: Sao Tomean
Languages: Portuguese (official), Forro, Cabo Verdian, French, Angolar, English, Lunguie
Ethnic groups: Angolares (descendants of Angolan slaves), Forros (descendants of freed slaves), Servicais (contract laborers from Angola, Mozambique, and Cabo Verde),
Tongas (children of servicais born on the islands)
Religions: Catholic, Adventist, Assembly of God, New Apostolic, Mana, Universal Kingdom of God, Jehovah’s Witness


Independence: 12 July 1975 (from Portugal)
Government type: Republic
Chief of state: Manuel Pinto DA COSTA (since 2011)


Currency: Dobra
Exports: Cocoa, copra, coffee, palm oil
Industries: Light construction, textiles, soap, beer, fish processing, timber

Tourism and Attraction

Ilhéu das Rolas
Obo National Park
The Pico Cão Grande

Visiting Sao Tome and Principe
The World Factbook