Republic of Sierra Leone


“Unity, Freedom, Justice


High We Exalt Thee, Realm of the Free


Capital: Freetown
Largest City: Freetown
Total area: 71,740 sq km
Climate: tropical, hot, humid, summer rainy season, winter dry season
Natural resources: Diamonds, titanium ore, bauxite, iron ore, gold, chromite
Border countries: Guinea, Liberia

People and Society

Population: 5,879,098
Demonym: Sierra Leonean
Languages: English (official), Mende, Temne, Krio
Ethnic groups: Temne, Mende, Limba, Kono, Kriole, Mandingo, Loko
Religions:Muslim, Christian, indigenous beliefs


Independence: 27 April 1961 (from the UK)
Government type: Constitutional democracy
Chief of state: Ernest Bai KOROMA (since 2007)


Currency: Leone
Exports: Diamonds, rutile, cocoa, coffee, fish
Industries: Diamond mining, iron ore, rutile and bauxite mining, small-scale manufacturing
(beverages, textiles, cigarettes, footwear); petroleum refining, small commercial ship repair

Tourism and Attraction

Monts Loma
Banana Islands
Tiwai Island
Lake Sofon
Ting Hills Forest Reserve
Outamba-Kilimi National Park

The World Factbook