Republic of the Sudan


النصر لنا” (arabic)
“Victory is ours”


 “Nahnu Djundulla Djundulwatan” (arabic)
“We Are the Army of God and of Our Land”


Capital: Khartoum
Largest City: Omdurman
Total area: 1,861,484 sq km
Climate: Hot and dry, arid desert, rainy season
Natural resources: Petroleum, small reserves of iron ore, copper,
chromium ore, zinc, tungsten, mica, silver, gold; hydropower
Border countries: Central African Republic, Chad, Egypt, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Libya, South Sudan

People and Society

Population: 36,108,853
Demonym: Sudanese
Languages: Arabic (official), English (official), Nubian, Ta Bedawie, Fur
Ethnic groups: Sudanese Arab (approximately 70%), Fur, Beja, Nuba, Fallata
Religions: Muslim


Independence: 1 January 1956 (from Egypt and the UK)
Government type: Federal republic
Chief of state: Umar Hassan Ahmad al-BASHIR (October 1993)


Currency: Sudanese pound
Exports: Gold, oil and petroleum products; cotton, sesame, livestock, peanuts, gum arabic, sugar
Industries: oil, cotton ginning, textiles, cement, edible oils, sugar, soap distilling, shoes, petroleum refining, pharmaceuticals, armaments, automobile/light truck assembly

Tourism and Attraction

Gebel Barkal
Pyramids of Meroe
Dinder National Park
Wadi Al-Ubayyid Cave
The National Museum of Sudan


The World Factbook