Republic of Tunisia


“Ḥurrīyah, Karāmah, ‘Adālah, Niẓām” (arabic)
“Liberty, Dignity, Justice, Order”


 “Humat Al Hima” (arabic)
“Defenders of the Homeland”


Capital: Tunis
Largest City: Tunis
Total area: 163,610 sq km
Climate: Temperate, mild and rainy winters and hot, dry summers, desert in south
Natural resources: Petroleum, phosphates, iron ore, lead, zinc, salt
Border countries: Algeria, Libya

People and Society

Population: 11,037,225
Demonym: Tunisian
Languages: Arabic (official), English (official), Nubian, Ta Bedawie, Fur
Ethnic groups: Sudanese Arab (approximately 70%), Fur, Beja, Nuba, Fallata
Religions: Muslim


Independence: 1 January 1956 (from Egypt and the UK)
Government type: Federal republic
Chief of state: Umar Hassan Ahmad al-BASHIR (October 1993)


Currency: Tunisian dinar
Exports: Gold, oil and petroleum products; cotton, sesame, livestock, peanuts, gum arabic, sugar
Industries: oil, cotton ginning, textiles, cement, edible oils, sugar, soap distilling, shoes, petroleum refining, pharmaceuticals, armaments, automobile/light truck assembly

Tourism and Attraction

Port El-Kantaoui
Kasbah of Hammamet
Bardo National Museum
Great Mosque of Kairouan
Sousse Archaeological Museum

The World Factbook